When Clowns Make Laws for Queens, 1880 to 1887
Volume 4 of The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
Ann D. Gordon, editor; Lesley L. Doig, Krystal Frazier, Emily
Westkaemper, and Robin Chapdelaine, editorial assistants.
New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2006.
$70.00 627 pp.
The fourth volume follows the slide toward defeat of the sixteenth amendment in Congress in 1887. Although petition drives and congressional hearings continued and the movement spread, the political opportunities of Reconstruction evaporated. Activism increased at the state and municipal level, but the dynamics of growth in the suffrage movement complicated the task of building political consensus among women. In this period Stanton confronted the new evangelical element in the movement with her vision of a strictly secular political force. To ensure that new and younger constituents understood the movement's origins and experience, Stanton and Anthony completed three volumes of the History of Woman Suffrage. While both women spent time abroad in this period, they laid plans for international work.