Masthead: The Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony Papers Project

Timeline

1815

Elizabeth Cady born on 12 November in Johnstown, N.Y.

1820

Susan Brownell Anthony born on 15 February in Adams, Mass.

1840

Elizabeth Cady married abolitionist, Henry B. Stanton.

1848

Stanton, with Lucretia Mott, Martha Coffin Wright, Mary Ann McClintock, and Jane Hunt, organized the first woman's rights convention at Seneca Falls in July. She co-authored the Declaration of Sentiments, which was modeled on the Declaration of Independence, and introduced the demand for voting rights.

1851

Stanton and Anthony introduced to one another by Amelia Jenks Bloomer.

1852

Stanton, Anthony, and others founded the Women's New York State Temperance Society.

1856

Anthony became agent of the American Anti-Slavery Society.

1861

Civil War began.

1863

Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring Confederate slaves "then, thenceforward, and forever free."

Stanton, Anthony, and others founded the Women's Loyal National League to agitate for the 13th Amendment ending slavery.

1865

Civil War ended.

1866

Stanton, Anthony, and others petitioned Congress for universal suffrage.


Petition Headline

From National Archives, RG 233, 39th Congress, 1st Session, House 39A-H14.9

Now within the congressional records preserved in the National Archives in Washington, this petition from Stanton, Anthony, Lucy Stone, and other activists in New York City urged Congress to enfranchise women and black men at the same time. Congressman Thaddeus Stevens submitted the petition on 29 January 1866. See the full petition in the documents section of the site.

1868

Stanton and Anthony began publishing the Revolution.

1869

Stanton and Anthony founded the National Woman Suffrage Association [NWSA] to agitate for a 16th Amendment that would outlaw disfranchisement on account of sex. Later that year, Lucy Stone and others founded the rival American Woman Suffrage Association [AWSA]. 14th Amendment to protect the civil rights of freedmen ratified.

1870

15th Amendment outlawing disfranchisement "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude" ratified.

1872

Anthony arrested for illegal voting in a national election.

1874

Woman's Christian Temperance Union founded.

1875

Supreme Court decides Minor v. Happersett, declaring that female citizens were not legally entitled to vote.

1878

16th Amendment introduced in Congress.

1881

Stanton and Anthony with Matilda Joslyn Gage published the first volume of History of Woman Suffrage.

1887

16th Amendment defeated in U.S. Senate.

1888

Stanton and Anthony founded the International Council of Women.

1890

The NWSA and AWSA merged to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association [NAWSA]. Stanton was elected president, a position she held until 1892 when Anthony assumed that role.

1895

Stanton published the Woman's Bible, Part I. The following year, the NAWSA formally dissociated itself from Stanton's views on religion. Part II was published in 1898.

1900

Anthony retired as president of the NAWSA; Carrie Chapman Catt replaced her.

1902

Stanton died on 26 October.

1906

Anthony died on 13 March.

1916

National Woman's Party founded by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, former leaders of the NAWSA Congressional Committee.

1917

U.S. entered World War I.

1918

Armistice ending World War I signed.

1920

19th Amendment outlawing sexual disfranchisement ratified.